Located to the north of Malaga, Cordoba Province, with no coastline, is a mountainous region scattered with white-washed towns and villages.
The capital of the province, Cordoba City, was a Carthaginian city conquered by the Romans. The Goths arrived in 572 followed by the Moors in 711. It was the latter invasion that changed the course of Cordoba´s history. All the Arab emirs had a predilection for this city, which was the most intensely populated and modern city in the western world during the 10th century. It had 300 mosques, splendid palaces, public baths, an efficient sewer system, innovative public lighting and the cultural contribution of distinguished scholars. In the 11th century the emirate split up and Cordoba began to slowly decline, eventually rediscovering its treasures by the 20th century. Cordoba has remained a beautiful city, well worth visiting, principally Moorish as can be seen by Le Mezquita.
Sightseeing in Cordoba:
Le MezquitaLe Mezquita – This Mosque-Cathedral is considered the most important Islamic monument in the western world, despite current use as a Christian cathedral. First built as a mosque in 785, it houses a wide variety of architectural styles including Islamic, Mudecar and Renaissance. Several extensions included the Mirab where a copy of the Koran was kept on the bottom wall, and an extension to the prayer room by Al-Mansur adding a further eight naves. This resulted in a forest of more than 800 marble, granite and jasper columns bearing typical red and white striped arches. In 1523 Charles V had a Catholic Cathedral grafted into this stone forest which was not finished until 250 years later, encompassing styles from Gothic to Baroque. Once the second greatest mosque in Islam, second only to one in Mecca, the elegance of Arabian art still lives on.
The Alcazar de los Reyes Cristianos – a residential complex, within a fortress, ordered by Alphonse XI during the 14th century. This palace, once the seat of the king and his court, is now transformed into a museum where Roman sarcophagi and mosaics can be admired.
The Roman Bridge crossing the river.
The Torre del la Calahorra – situated at the end of the Roman Bridge and built in 1369 as a defence tower. In the 18th century it was used as a prison and in the 19th as a school.
The Synagogue – one of only three such buildings in Spain. Worth a look for the amazing decorative plasterwork.
The Palacio de Viana – dating from the 14th century with twelve inner courtyards and housing collections of mosaics, porcelain, paintings and firearms.
Plaza de Capucinos – a major square surrounded by 17th and 18th century buildings.
The Corredera – another of the city´s major squares, previously used for bullfights and other public performances.
The Flea Market – held in the Corredera square at weekends.
The Roman Temple – excavated remains next to the town hall.