The Despenaperros National Park (official website and map), is a natural mountain pass connecting Andalucia with Castilla la Mancha through the Sierra Morena. Rock structures form a dramatic landscape with vertical cliffs such as Los Organos with quartzite rock appearing as giant organ tubes.
The naturally forested areas are comprised of Gall Oak, Holm’s Oak, Cork Oak and Pyrenean Oak. Among the planted pines are Stone Pine, Maritime Pine and Aleppo Pine. Scrubland and shrubs include Rockroses, Myrtle, Wild olive and Sloe.
Birds of prey include the Booted, Short-toed, Golden, Spanish Imperial and Bonelli´s Eagles, and Griffon Vulture.
Rarer mammals spotted are the Iberian Lynx and the Wolf. Others include Mongoose, Fox, Genet, Wild Cat, Wild Boar and Red Deer.
Status: Natural Park – 1989
Size: 8,000 hectares