The Sierra de Baza Natural Park (official website and maps) is part of the Cordillera Penibética range with the highest peak of Santa Bárbara at 2,271 metres and several more reaching over 2,000 metres. Set between two arid plains of Las Hoyas de Guadix-Baza and Llanos del Marquesado, the relatively humid Natural Park is home to nearly a hundred and fifty endemic species exclusive to the Iberian Peninsula.
Wooded areas include Austrian, Aleppo, Stone, Nevada Scots and Corsican Pines plus Gall, Holm and Kermes Oaks. Shrubs include Juniper, Phoenician Juniper, Peonies, Laurel, Mountain Ash, Rosemary, Lavender, Sloe and Spanish Barberry.
Mammals include Red Deer, Roe Deer, Wild Boar, Fox, Badger, Genet, Stone Martin, Wild Cat and Common Shrew.
Birds of prey include Golden Eagles, Short-toed Eagles, Booted Eagles and Bonelli’s Eagles, Peregrines, Kestrels, Buzzards, Egyptian Vultures and Eagle owls. Other birdlife includes the Crested Lark, Red-legged Partridge, Hoopoe, Turtle Doves and Woodpeckers.
Provinces: Granada & Almeria
Status: Natural Park – 1989
Size: 54,000 hectares