The Sierras de Cazorla, Segura and las Villas Natural Park (official website and maps), covering 214,000 hectares, is one of the largest Natural Parks in Spain. It is also a Biosphere Reserve, a National Hunting Reserve and a Zone of Special Protection for Birds. The park has an array of well conserved ecosystems, each of high natural value with many endemics. Spectacular landscapes including waterfalls, deep valleys, lakes and old donkey routes criss-crossing the mountains make this park unique. The Guadalquivir and Segura rivers both have their source in the park and large pine forests clothe this limestone mountain range whose highest point is Pico Empanada at 2,107 metres.
The park contains a 5th of the variety of plant species to be found within Spain, boasting an amazing 2,170 different plant species of which 34 are unique to the area. Trees include Hazel woods and Maple forests, Oaks and Pines. Among the many plants are the Venus Fly-Trap and Cazorla Violet.
Status: Biosphere Reserve – 1983, Natural Park – 1986
Size: 214,000 hectares
Mammals include Spanish Ibex, Red Deer, Fallow Deer, Otters, Genets, Stone Martens, Foxes, Wild Boars, Polecats, Badgers and Squirrels.
Birds of prey include Griffon and Bearded Vultures, Golden Eagles, Kites and Egyptian Vultures.