Abocado – semi-dry table wine.
Bodega – winery or wine cellar.
Brut, brut natur – extra dry, used in reference to sparkling wines.
Cava – sparkling wine made by the champagne method.
Cosecha – harvest, vintage (with date).
Crianza – the maturing of wine in barrel or bottle. Sin crianza refers to an immature wine.
Denominación de Origen (D.O.) – A seal of guarantee that the bottle’s contents come from a regulated wine production area.
Elaborado por… – matured and/or blended by…
Embotellado por… – bottled by…
Generoso – wines with an alcoholic content of between 15° and 23°.
Gran Reserva – quality reserve wines, aged in oak and bottle for a minimum of 3 years.
Jerez – sherry.
Joven – young fresh wine, not been matured.
Mosto – unfermented grape juice with no alcohol.
Reserva – as Gran Reserva but aged less.
Sin crianza – see Crianza, above.
Tinto de Verano – summer red; made from red wine, ice and Casera.
Vendimia – harvest, vintage.
Viña, viñedo – vineyard.
Types of Wine
blanco – white
clarete – light red, claret
de mesa – table wine
dulce – sweet
espumoso – sparkling
gaseoso – carbonated, sparkling
rosado – rosé
seco – dry
semi-seco – semi-dry
tinto – full-bodied red